SLR and mirrorless cameras are currently main source of sales in camera industry. When consumers buy cameras, they usually choose DSLRs or mirrorless cameras. So what is difference between these two cameras and which one should you buy? Today we will give you a systematic introduction.
There are only two words, but structure is completely different
One is called a DSLR and other is called a mirrorless camera. The difference is only two words, but structure is very different. SLR cameras have been popular since days of film, and have become even more popular in digital age. The micro camera was actually born in 2009 and is a product of complete electronization of camera.
The reason DSLRs are called DSLRs is because they have a reflector inside, and shutter is also a mechanical mechanism, and high-end models are also equipped with a pentaprism for viewfinder. This is why shutter speed of SLR cameras is limited to 1/8000th of a second at most. What you see when cropping corresponds to naked eye.
Single mirror cameras are fully electronic, without reflectors, mechanical shutters and pentaprisms. Electronic viewfinders and on-screen viewfinders - what you see is what you get. Officially, due to electronic structure, continuous shooting speed and shutter speed have overcome limitations of SLR, and video performance has become even better.
The number of SLR camera brands is small, but lens group is most common
Now there are actually only three brands of SLR cameras left: Canon, Nikon and Pentax. Due to shortage of Pentax products and fact that there are very few of them in Chinese market, in fact, people who buy SLR cameras in China focus on the Canon and Nikon brands.
Despite fact that there are few brands, number of SLR cameras is very large. For example, there are currently over 20 Canon DSLRs available on market, similar to Nikon. From entry level Canon 200D II, Nikon D3500; up to mid-range Canon 800D, Nikon D5600; up to Canon 90D medium and high-end, Nikon D500; up to full-frame Canon 5D4, Nikon D850; and Nikon D5. name it.
The price can also be covered by a budget of 3,000 RMB to a budget of 50,000 RMB.
Another advantage of SLR cameras is that lens group is extremely rich. Many lens characteristics have been carried over from film era. Combined with developments since digital age, characteristics and quantity of micro lens group have not been able to compete with SLR cameras.
The SLR lens group is not only produced by original brands such as Canon, Nikon and Pentax, but also by sub-factories such as Tamron, Sigma, etc., which also have very rich matching lenses. Of course, many domestic brands bring high cost performance or early adopters of lens.
This is current status of DSLRs
Micro-single brands are numerous and categories are broad
Mirrorless camera brands are very rich, currently Canon, Nikon, Sony, Panasonic, Fuji, Olympus, Leica, Sigma and so on. The price range even exceeds price range of SLR cameras: from 2,000 to 60,000 yuan.
The classification of mirrorless cameras is very broad, but we generally divide them into four types: high-resolution models, high-speed models, high-end models, and camcorders.
For example, high resolution APS-C models include Canon M6 II, full frame models include Sony A7R IV, Nikon Z7 and Panasonic S1R, and medium format models include Fuji GFX 50R, GFX 50S and GFX. 100. The strongest high-speed model at moment is Sony A9 II. High resolution models have many 24MP full-frame mirrorless cameras. Video models are mainly Panasonic S1H, Panasonic GH5S and Sony A7S II.
Purchase: author thinks it's better to choose a microsingle
The current SLR has reached a bottleneck period, with slow development and slow update rates. Mirrorless cameras are in their prime and are rapidly evolving and updating rapidly. The same is true for related lens market.
Due to mature development of microelectronics technology, early criticism of micro-single is no longer a criticism, but some areas have become advantages. For example, focusing system, battery life and ease of operation have evolved by leaps and bounds.
Focus no longer needs to be pulled by bellows and then not aligned. Now mirrorless camera is also fast, stable and accurate, whatever it is.
The battery life is still not as good as battery life of a 1000-frame SLR, but micro camera supports USB charging and the 20,000 mAh battery will last for 2 days.
Managing all sorts of touches is actually better than buttons and dials. In addition, viewfinder is same, I have fully adapted to on-screen viewfinder of a mirrorless camera, but I cannot return to viewfinder of a SLR camera.
Actually, this is partly due to changing habits of each user. Once you get used to this change, you won't experience any problems managing microsingle.
However, there is one point, that is, apart from Sony mount, there are still not enough types of mirrorless lens groups for other brands, so after buying a camera, it may be difficult to select some non-standard lenses. However, manufacturers now have a full development path for lens groups, so within a year or two, number of lens groups will quickly replenish.
Currently, many camera manufacturers are set to actively develop mirrorless cameras. Only brands like Canon and Nikon haven't given up on their DSLR product line, it's profitable after all. Because in future, essentially, new things that everyone sees are still mostly mirrorless cameras, and only a few DSLRs will be updated every year. Therefore, virtually everyone has to buy a mirrorless camera.
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